Latin name: Dalbergia nigra
Common name(s): Rosewood, Jacaranda, Rio Rosewood, Bahia Rosewood
Sources: Brazil and other Tropical American regions
Characteristics: Stark contrast between yellowish sapwood and dark red to violet to brown heartwood. Medium lustre, medium to sometimes coarse texture. Oily to the touch. Grain generally straight but may swirl, at times resembling a characteristic called monkey ear. Highly prized as one of the most beautiful of all hardwoods.
Common cuts: Plain sliced, Quarter sliced
Uses: Musical instrument components, parquetry, marquetry, and extremely high end architectural millwork and cabinetry.
Availability: Rare, if available at all. True Brazilian Rosewood has been on embargo for years and is considered endangered by CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species).